加拿大移民顾问监管委员会认证移民顾问

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加拿大倍励移民有限公司

 

 

加拿大大专院校介绍


Canadian colleges and institutes deliver a broad range of applied, hands-on, and practical education. These institutions of practical learning are variably called colleges, institutes of technology, polytechnics, regional colleges, centres, colleges of applied arts and technology, community colleges, institutes, or Collège d’enseignement général et professionnel (Cégep in Quebec).

Such institutions work hand-in-hand with industry to ensure that students are prepared and ready to take advantage of current and emerging job market opportunities and secure key roles in industry, whether in Canada, North America, or abroad. Graduates are leaders in industry the world over. Their sought-after skills and education are transferable and globally recognized.

Colleges and institutes take advantage of their strong linkages with the private sector to develop state-of-the-art applied research programs. These programs are an important part of the Canadian innovation system, equipping graduates with the skills and experience needed to address some of the key challenges in today’s globalized society.

These institutions offer a wide range of credentials, including bachelor’s degrees, diplomas, apprenticeships, certificates, graduate offerings, continuing education and corporate training, any of which may include  a co-op and/or an internship. For example:

  • One-year post-graduate professional certificates of specialization
  • Two- or three-year diplomas in technology or business
  • Four-year applied bachelor degrees with internships
  • English and/or French language studies
  • Four-year combined institute and university degrees

There are 135 colleges/institutes in Canada with over 1,000 college campuses within a range of settings—from urban centres to remote communities. Programs are offered in French, English, or both depending on the region. Many also offer combined distance-learning opportunities.

Over 8,000 programs with varying lengths of required study are offered nationwide. Shorter two- to three-year diploma programs train technicians, technologists, mid-level managers, and service providers. There are also one-year post-graduate certificates available to Canadian and international university graduates who wish to acquire applied and advanced skills for specific areas of employment. For example, more than 5,000 Indian university graduates are currently in Canadian colleges and institutes pursuing post-graduate certificates in order to obtain employment back home or in Canada.

Examples of post-graduate programs with specialized focus on current industry practices leading to high employability of graduates:

  •  Global Business Management
  •  Renewable Energy
  •  Entrepreneurship
  •  Electronic Game Design
  •  Health Information Management

Three- to four-year bachelor’s degrees provide job-focused education in a variety of fields. Examples of bachelor degrees with an applied focus in a particular field include:

  •  Bachelor of Applied Technology in Industrial Design
  •  Bachelor of Applied Business in E-Commerce
  •  Bachelor of Arts in Criminal Justice
  •  Bachelor of Applied Information Systems Technology

The college/institute school year is the same as other post-graduate calendars, running from September through April or May, with spring and summer courses often available. Some institutions have a semester or trimester system allowing students to begin programs in September, January, or May. Quebec Cégeps offer two streams of education: three-year vocational and two-year pre-university programs.

Canadian college credentials are approved by provincial or territorial governments. Programs may also be accredited by independent industry or professional employer organizations. To ensure rigorous academic quality, the provincial ministries of education determine which institutions are allowed to offer bachelor’s and applied degrees.

Why Would International Students Choose a College or Institute?

Colleges and institutes work closely with industry to ensure courses reflect the skill requirements that employers need. They will provide practical training and many encourage work experience through supervised apprenticeships, work placements, and internships. This hands-on training ensures students move beyond academic learning to apply and test their skills in real workplace settings.

Colleges and institutes offer a vast range of programs in Information Communications and Technology (ICT)-related fields, from certificates, diplomas, and degrees to graduate certificates. They train ICT technicians, technologists, and practitioners. They are also leaders in the delivery of e-learning technology and curriculum.

Most colleges and institutes across Canada involve students in applied research projects conducted with local businesses. This enriched learning experience exposes students to real-world challenges and new technologies and establishes key contacts within industry for potential job opportunities.

Some colleges offer transfer programs that enable participants to complete courses through the college and then later transfer into a university or university college, with credit toward their university degrees. Thus colleges can either be the full educational experience for an international student, or a part, if the student wants both college and university education. Under a university transfer arrangement, the student would typically do one or two years at a college and then two years at a university. The benefits to the international student of such a transfer arrangement are:

  • Smaller classes at the beginning (during the college portion of the study program), with more support;
  • A more applied and practical study program than university alone, with opportunities for placements with industry while at college;
  • A lower cost than university alone.

In addition, a relatively recent phenomenon highlighting the strength of Canada’s demand-driven, applied learning system is university graduates complementing their baccalaureate degrees with a college/institute diploma or certificate. In the last five years, Ontario alone has seen a 40% increase in university graduates enrolled in their colleges, often for one-year post-graduate certificates of specialization, with internships.


Information International Students Will Need to Know When Considering Colleges/Institutes

When it comes to exploring college/institute options, international students:

  • May already have some experience in the field of study. They may want to study at a Canadian college or polytechnic to increase their credentials or improve their job prospects. Or, they may have no experience at all. The agent will face a variety of student profiles when it comes to those interested in college or institute education.

  • Will be as interested in program and/or degree options as the institution itself when they consider a college or institute education.

  • Will care about the length of time various program options require (for example, a diploma will take less time than a degree).

  • May be interested in the transferability of college/institute credits or degrees to universities particularly if they already hold college or university credentials from their home country and seek an expedited education that will quickly provide transferability of credentials and knowledge for employment.